Group Observation Assignment

See attached instructions. I am working on getting the forms and will attach.DirectionsFollow these steps:Step 1: Choose and observe a groupSelect a group and set up a time to observe. You may choose to observe a support group, a work group or team, a prevention group, or an advocacy group. You must notify your instructor when you have chosen your group. Begin background research on the group you will observe; history, purpose, function, etc. You may be able to find this information online. However, if you attend a private group, this information may not be available online, and you may have to get it from the therapist or counselor. Al-Anon, AA, MADD, etc. all have a national presence and professional websites.Group observations are a form of data (evidence) collection—you are collecting information that must not only be reported but must be analyzed. Analysis must make use of the content of this class. You will provide evidence of this by citing your textbook, along with other scholarly sources.It may be helpful to practice your observation and note-taking skills in your family or some other familiar group before you attend your group session for this class.Ask permission to take notes or audio record before you attend your group session. Some groups will not allow you to take notes or record what people say—others will. Be aware that your presence may change what happens in the group, and this is especially likely to occur if you take notes. This is known as the “Hawthorne Effect.” Be prepared to consider how your presence may have affected the group.Be sure to provide a confidentiality/anonymity form to the group facilitator. Download a copy of the Group Observation Consent Form  Download Group Observation Consent Form.Before you attend the session, be sure to develop a thesis for your project. This will help you understand how to analyze your group. You will be analyzing both the interaction and the roles in the group using Bales IPA and Benne and Sheat’sRole Inventory (see below).Step 2: Analyze the groupBe sure to consider the type of group and its function. Review your book carefully and reflect on the material covered in each chapter. For example, if you observe a group that has been meeting every week for some period of time, then it will not make sense to analyze the group from a group formation perspective. It may make sense to analyze it in terms of performance or effectiveness.Create a Bales IPA chart: Bales IPA-2.docx  Download Bales IPA-2.docxYour chart will need to have columns to represent the individuals in the group so that you can tally each person’s activity. You will present a summary chart in the paper and you will submit the chart you used during the meeting at the end of your paper.Create a Benne and Sheat’s Roles chart: Benne and Sheat’s Group Roles-2.docx Download Benne and Sheat’s Group Roles-2.docx so that you can tally examples of the roles in the group. You will present a summary chart in the paper, and you will submit the chart you use during the meeting at the end of your paper. When you analyze the information you gather, be prepared to provide some numbers and percentages. For example, how many questions were asked during a meeting? How many statements were made? How many answers were provided? If you know these numbers, you can provide some percentages. This is discussed in more detail belowYour descriptions should be specific, objective and neutral. Saying that a group is “really helpful” is not specific—your coding sheets should help you gather specific examples of behaviors that you can present as evidence of helpfulness and supportiveness. Objective and neutral language is a must. Do not insert your personal opinion, e.g., “This group did not help me.” Do not use evaluative words like “crazy,” “wild,” “ridiculous,” “wonderful,” “great,” or “loved it.”There have been quite a few studies on online support groups—you can get some ideas about what to analyze in the face-to-face group by looking at some of these studies. Begin this search by going into our databases and use “group observations of support groups” as search terms. Keep in mind that online groups are not exactly the same as face-to-face groups.Step 3: Write your paperWhen you write up the paper—use the standard APA type format. This type of paper will have the following elements:Title page; Abstract; Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References, AppendixUse one inch marginsUse Times Roman Font, size 12Give your paper the following sections:In the Introduction, begin by reviewing previous research on your topic. To do this, log into the FSCJ databases and look for books and journal articles that have been written on the type of group you observed. You must include a thesis statement in the introduction—what do you want to demonstrate or prove about your group? The introduction must also describe how the rest of the paper is going to be structured. This part of the paper should be no less than 200 words in length.The Methods section should have three sub-headings. First, describe your Procedures—in this case, it will be a naturalistic observation, and you will present some quantitative analysis. Be sure to provide a definition and a description for this type of method. See pages 38-40 in your textbook for help with this. Be sure to note the advantages and limitations for this method. Be sure to describe your two coding schemes—you will need to provide citations for both schemes (IPA and roles). Next, describe the Participants. This means you tell the reader about the type of group you studied (e.g., AA or Al-Anon, or some other), provide some information about the history of the group—how long has this type of group been in existence, what is its function, how long has this particular group been meeting, indicate how many people you observed, their gender, age, etc. In the Equipment section, describe the equipment you used (e.g. audio or video recorder; your phone, etc.), and how you used it.Next, you must present the Results section. Here, you present one summary table for the IPA information and one summary table for the Roles information. Be sure to add a column to show percentages in each table. That way, the reader can see what percentage of behaviors you reported for each category. The tables should appear in the text of the paper, and you must state the trends and patterns you found without interpretation. For example, your group may have had more agreements than disagreements. You would state this by noting the frequencies and percentages of agreements and disagreements.In the Discussionsection, you explain, discuss and interpret your findings. You may refer to your book or other scholarly sources to help you think through how to discuss your findings. Finally, in this section, you will relate what you found to your thesis statement and to your conclusions about the group and what you found. Please review some studies that have been published in books or journals to see how others handle their discussions.In the Referencessection, you will list your sources using APA style.In the Appendix, you will include the charts you used to tabulate behaviors during the meeting. The charts you include in the Appendix will not have percentages in them.Task Roles / Member(s)Personal, Group Building & Maintenance Roles / Member(s)Dysfunctional Roles / Member(s)Initiator, Contributor /Encourager / Aggressor / Information Seeker / Harmonizer / Blocker / Information Giver / Compromiser / Recognition Seeker / Opinion Seeker / Gatekeeper, Expediter / Self-Confessor / Opinion Giver / Observer, Commentator / Disrupter / Elaborator / Follower / Dominator / Coordinator / Help Seeker / Orienter / Special Interest Pleader / Evaluator, Critic / Energizer / Procedural Technician / Recorder / FunctionProcessPaired processesaddressing centralproblems of:Social-Emotional: Positive Reaction1.  Shows solidarity, raises other’s status, gives help, reward1 & 12Problems of integration 2.  Shows tension release, jokes, laughs, shows satisfaction2 & 11Tension-management 3.  Agrees, shows passive acceptance, understands, concurs, complies3 & 10DecisionTask Area: Attempted Answers4.  Gives suggestion, direction, implying autonomy for other4 & 9Control 5.  Gives opinion, evaluation, analysis, expresses feeling, wish5 & 8Evaluation 6.  Gives orientation, information, repeats, clarifies, confirms6 & 7OrientationTask Area: Questions7.  Asks for orientation, information repetition, confirmation7 & 6Orientation 8.  Asks for opinion, evaluation, analysis, expression of feeling8 & 5Evaluation 9.  Asks for suggestion, direction, possible action9 & 4ControlSocial-Emotional Area: Negative Reactions10. Disagrees, shows passive rejection, formality, withholds help10 & 3Decision 11. Shows tension, asks for help, withdraws out of field11 & 2Tension-management 12. Shows antagonism. Deflates other’s status, defends/asserts self12 & 1Integration

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