How Is Technology Changing Us?
The rubric is attached.Introduction: • Opens with a few sentences that introduce the topic or issue to be discussed, providing context for the argument and engaging the reader (the “Hook”.) In an original argument you can often use textual sources (paraphrase and quotes from relevant articles in They Say/I Say) to help lay out the context/background and the differing scholarly perspectives on the issue you will be arguing. • One common method for establishing context is to begin your introduction stating your opponent’s view, and then using a contrast transition (such as “however” or “In contrast”) to segue into your own thesis/main claim. This method has the benefit of not only stating your opponent’s view at the outset but also using it to establish context for your claim. • See model introductions by Orwell (They Say/I Say Chapter 1) and Mantsios (Chapter 5) for examples on how to implement the above strategy for introducing/providing context for a topic. • Proceeds from general to specific (Inverse Pyramid). • Concludes in a strong, focused thesis statement (Thesis = Claim + Reason) that makes a supportable claim, identifies and proposes a solution to a problem, or takes a stance on a debatable issue: (Sample argumentative thesis:) “Because the polygraph has not been proven reliable even under controlled conditions, its use by private employers should be banned.” For Writing Assignment 3, your thesis should state your position on one of the topics/issues dealt with in the essays from the chapters in the text in the third person and your reasoning for taking this stance. Sample Thesis for Writing Assignment 3: The Government should not play an active role in enacting laws to counter the obesity epidemic in society today, as such actions are unfair and detract from personal culpability, failing to motivate citizens to take responsibility for their own livelihood and health. A more feasible option would be for the Government to indirectly support a health-conscious society through the promotion of a more substantial system of nutritional education and a privatized, incentivized healthcare industry. Body Paragraphs: • A topic sentence (a one sentence summary of the paragraph’s main points – alerts the reader to what the remainder of the paragraph will be about) that points back to the thesis as well as toward what is to come in the rest of the paragraph. In an argumentative essay, the topic sentence is usually a secondary or sub-claim focusing on one particular aspect of your thesis/argument. (May be implied) • Well integrated quotations and specific examples that support your topic sentence (Evidence). o Sentences and examples in your body paragraph must support your topic sentence. Sentences that do not support your topic sentence disrupt the unity and coherency of your paragraph and should be removed or relocated. o Body Paragraphs must be well-developed and contain sufficient, relevant, concrete, and specific examples and reasons to adequately support your topic sentence. o Quotes that are adequately framed and integrated (See Chapter 3 in They Say/ I Say for information on how to appropriately frame quotes using the “quotation sandwich method). o Uses Signal Phrases to effectively introduce quotes • Your interpretation of the examples (Reasoning or Metacommentary). o Gives your specific interpretation of your support so as to prevent misinterpretation by the reader o Explicitly analyzes and explains the significance of your examples and how they support your argument: illustrates the thinking process you used to connect the evidence to your claims. (What is their significance to your claim/topic sentence? How do the examples support your argument?) o Makes use of metacommentary to help guide the reader through your thought process and aid in the interpretation of your argument. o Avoid vague examples and “fuzzy,” imprecise, overgeneralized wording (For instance, words such as “good,” “well done,” etc.) in favor of specific, direct reasoning and explanation (i.e. Why is the support “good”? What makes the author’s statements and examples “relevant”? How, specifically, do they back up your argument?). o Your analysis/interpretation should be the longest, most in-depth aspect of your body paragraphs as it highlights your critical thinking skills in linking your support to your claims. • Makes effective use of transitions to show relationship between ideas; links ideas within and between paragraphs and improves paragraph flow (i.e. coherency) (See They Say/I Say, Chapter 8, pages 111-112 for a list of common transition words), permitting ideas to build off one another in a logical fashion. • Successfully addresses and refutes at least one counterargument (naysayer) to your claim. • Makes logical connections between sentences and ideas. • Demonstrates flow and coherency in language usage (Including proper grammar, formal word usage (i.e. no slang words or contractions), smooth and adequate transitions between ideas, etc.). • Body paragraphs should be unified, coherent, and well developed. • Stays in the third person throughout – no First person “I” “I think” “I agree” etc. and no Second person “you” “your” “you’re” Conclusion: • Restates thesis and main points of essay (though without repeating the exact wording) • Ties together all the main points of essay and relates them to the essay’s topic • Does not introduce any new points or examples not previously discussed in body of essay • Relates your argument to a larger social context (So What? Who Cares?) and makes a link outward, discussing its implications or significance to society as a whole • Offers a recommendation for a course of action or a prediction for the future