Measures of Morbidity and Mortality
PUBH 380 HW4 Measures of Morbidity and Mortality
Choose the appropriate measure to report for each of the following examples: prevalence, cumulative incidence, or incidence density/rate. (18 points)
In 1994, 26% of Americans had high blood pressure.
17.9% of female survey respondents between the ages of 14 – 15 reported having had an eating disorder during some period in her life.
During an outbreak of cholera in Africa in 1985, the average risk of contracting this disease was 12.6%.
There were 2 deaths out of 16 breast cancer patients during a study period that resulted in 240 months of follow-up for all cases.
0.58% of the elderly living in South Florida in 1999 caught influenza between the months of September through December.
At admission, 150 patients were screened for the presence of breathlessness, and 30 resulted being affected by the symptom.
0.16% of adolescents in NY school systems in 1999 attempted suicide for the first time.
The number of women in the Framingham Study who died during the first year of the study from heart disease divided by the number of women enrolled in the Framingham Study.
The number of women in the Framingham Study Study who died during the first year of the study from heart disease divided by the number of person-years contributed by women enrolled in Framingham Study.
The number of women in Framingham, MA who reported having heart disease in a recent health survey divided by the estimated number of women residents of Framingham during same period.
The number of women in the Framingham Study newly diagnosed with heart disease last year divided by the number of women in Framingham Study without heart disease at the beginning of same year.
The number of women in State A newly diagnosed with heart disease in 2004 divided by the person-time of women living in State A in 2004.
The estimated number of women smokers in State A according to 2004 BRFSS divided by the estimated number of women living in State A in 2004.
Percentage of freshman girls who become pregnant over the course of their high school years.
Percentage of infants weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth.
The lifetime risk of breast cancer.
Percentage of deceased professional football players who are found to have Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) brain damage.
Percentage of infants enrolled in a day-care center who contracted impetigo during the course of the epidemic.
Use the information in the passage below to answer the following questions (SHOW YOUR WORK) (numerator, denominator, equation, and interpretation of answer).
An epidemiological investigation that began on January 1, 2009, identified a population of 1,000 individuals, among whom 4 were found to have the disease. During the year-long study, 6 additional new cases were found. Among the incident cases, 3 cases died during the year-long study. Study duration was January 1 – December 21, 2009.
For each of the 10 cases, the table below indicates the time of case diagnosis, periods of observation during the study, and vital status at the time of the termination of observation. An arrow (