THE BLACK NATIONAL ANTHEM
BEGIN WITH “LIFT EVERY VOICE AND SING” THE BLACK NATIONAL ANTHEM” 1) LISTEN TO AND READ THE WORDS TO “LIFT EVERY VOICE AND SING 0Nhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PHn2SSzZszUIF YOU CHOOSE YOU CAN ALSO SEARCH GOOGLE AND FIND THE WORDS AND VARIOUS PERFORMANCES OF IT ALL OVER THE INTERNET. 2) AS REGARDS PART CARTER G WOODSON. I PUT LOTS OF INFORMATION ON THE COURSE, ABOUT CARTER G. WOODSOM, SO YOU DO NOT NEED TO RESEARCH HIM, BUT IF YOU WISH TO THAT IS GREAT. 3) WHERE I WANT YOU TO FOCUS PARTICULARLY ON PART OF YOUR ASSIGNMENT FOR THIS WEEK IS ON HOW BECAUSE OF WHAT CARTER G. WOODSON DID IN THE 1915 AND 1926, IN CREATING BLACK HISTORY WEEK, THAT HAS BECOME BLACK HISTORY MONTH, WE SEE THAT AGAIN IN AMERICA, AFRICAN AMERICANS HAVE PAVED A PATH THAT OTHER ETHNICITIES, AND IDENTITY GROUPS HAVE FOLLOWED, IN CREATING THEIR OWM MONTH. KEEP IN MIND AS THIS CLASS IS NOT IN A CLASSROOM BUT ON ILEARN, WHEN YOU RESPOND TO AN ASSIGNMENT CONSIDER IT LIKE SPEAKING UP IN CLASS, SHARING YOUR THOUGHTS ON THE SUBJECT AT HAND. NOW MOVE ON TO THE FOLLOWING LECTURE ON “THIS IS HOW FEBRUARY BECAME BLACK HISTORY MONTH ” Portrait of American historian and educator Carter Godwin Woodson (1875 – 1950), 1910s. He is the founder of Black History Week that is now Black History Month. lecture below by Hulton Archive / Getty ImagesBY JULIA ZORTHIAN JANUARY 29, 2016 7:00 AM ESTIt was in 1964 when the author James Baldwin reflected on the shortcomings of his education. “When I was going to school,” he said, “I began to be bugged by the teaching of American history because it seemed that that history had been taught without cognizance of my presence.” Baldwin’s thoughts echoed those of many before and after him. Half a century earlier, when Carter G. Woodson had the same frustration, he set the foundation for what would become today’s national Black History Month, observed each February.In the early 20th century, while he earned a Masters degree from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. from Harvard, both in history, Woodson witnessed how black people were underrepresented in the books and conversations that shaped the study of American history. According to the way many historians taught the nation’s past, African Americans were barely part of the story—a narrative that Woodson knew was not true. So in 1915, he and Jesse E. Moorland founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (now the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, or the ASALH). The organization would promote studying black history as a discipline and celebrate the accomplishments of African Americans.“If a race has no history, it has no worthwhile tradition, it becomes a negligible factor in the thought of the world, and it stands in danger of being exterminated,” Woodson said of the need for such study.In 1926, Woodson and the ASALH launched a “Negro History Week” to bring attention to his mission and help school systems coordinate their focus on the topic. Woodson chose the second week in February, as it encompassed both Frederick Douglass’ birthday on February 14 and Abraham Lincoln’s birthday on February 12.The celebrations and studies spread quickly, as the ASALH tells it, driving demand for teaching materials and spurring the formation of black history clubs. But, though a newfound understanding of black culture and literature was spreading amongst the middle class, the idea of expanding the week to a month did not come until several decades later. During the Civil Rights Movement, Freedom Schools in the South embraced the week and its curriculum message as a way to contribute to the mission. By the mid-1960s, the most popular textbook for eighth-grade U.S. history classes mentioned only two black people in the entire century of history that had transpired since the Civil War—and that problem could no longer be ignored. It was in that decade that colleges and universities across the country transformed the week into a Black History Month on campus.A number of mayors had already adopted the celebration as a municipal event by the time President Gerald Ford decreed Black History Month a national observance in 1976, on both the fiftieth anniversary of the first iteration and America’s bicentennial year.“In celebrating Black History Month,” Ford said in his message, “we can seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.”Presidents have issued national decrees with each year’s theme since the 1970s. African American History Month’s 2016 theme is “Hallowed Grounds: Sites of African American Memories.” YOUR ASSIGNMENT IN TWO PARTS(1) SINGLE PARAGRAPH–select your favorite line or verse from “Lift Every Voice and Sing” and briefly in a single short paragraph explain what about it that resonates with you .and 2) ESSAY OF 500–600 00 WORDS– from the discussion on Carter Godwin Woodson, and any further research you may choose to do on him, write an essay on him and include mention of how his creation of Black History month (initially a week now a month) has influenced and been followed by diverse groups–ethnic, gender, and more groups– who now have created their own history month. In short include mention of how this Black innovation has paved the way for others. ESSAY CHECKLIST 1) YOUR ESSAY must have an original title that you create: the name of the assignment is NOT the title of the essay.2) YOUR title on the title line must NOT be in italics, must NOT be underlined, must NOT be in quotation marks. 3) YOUR ESSSAY must have indented paragraphs (NOT block style which is for business corespondence).4) YOUR ESSAY must have the 3 required parts of an essay: Introduction, development and conclusion: One long paragraph is not an essay. it must be developed as follows: a) MUST BEGIN WITH an introduction paragraph that MUST have a thesis statement UNDERLINED in the last sentence of this first introduction paragraph; (Note the thesis statement should indicate specifically what will be covered and the order in which it will be covered in the developing paragraphs. b) YOUR ESSAY must have one or more developing paragraphs. c) YOUR ESSAY must have a concluding paragraph.